ABOUT US

Maharashtra Board of Higher Secondary Education is a non commercial voluntary social educational institution with the aims of expansion and promotion of education, publication of scare, unique and newly written literature, pay honor and due promotion to the educationists. These may be enumerated as below: To democratize higher education by providing it to the students at their door step. To provide higher education to one and all, irrespective of age/sex/caste/ territory. To provide job-oriented and professional education. To promote and popularize education under Open & Distance Education system on the pattern of other countries. The option to select choice subjects and imbibe more education at lesser cost? Maharashtra Board of Higher Secondary .Its Constitutionality & Validity: Generally every lover of education asks the question what is the constitutionally and reliability of Maharashtra Board of Higher Secondary Education or what sort of service or where admission can be obtained by students passing out from Board? The only clear answer to all such questions is that all Educational Boards / Universities are autonomous bodies. Regarding the question of recognition, MBHSE is at present one of the leading educational institutions of the country and its courses are similar to the courses offered by various Universities and Educational Boards. The successful students of this Institution are serving in Government and Private Organizations and gaining admissions in various Universities and Education Boards, they are achieving success in the field of livelihood. This Board was established under the compulsory and constitutional provisions of Indian S.R. Act XXl-1860 since 1984. Maharashtra Board of Higher Secondary Education is not in receipt of any grant-in-aid either from the Government or from the UGC, so far. Viewed at from the fulfillment of provisions of the articles 14, 19(1), 21, 29, 30, 45, 46 344 & 351 of the Indian Constitution Act 1950, Board of Higher Secondary Education Maharashtra is a matter of appreciation. The concept of Distance Education originated from Berlin (Germany) in 1856. Afterwards, Russia granted recognition to distance education in the world. In this manner the idea of Open Universities was conceived by the British Prime Minister Mr. Harold Wilson in the year 1863 to provide an opportunity to persons who were otherwise denied opportunities to further their education and make their life successful. In 1969 under the Royal Charter an Open University was established the success of which was more far reaching than the traditional Universities. Under the new Education Policy 1986, the Government of India laid particular stress on Open Universities and Distance Education. MBHSE Maharashtra is getting necessary direction and full co-operation from educationists, professors and social workers of the country. It is their unanimous opinion that Board has given practical shape to the concept of British Prime Minister Harold Wilson by providing Open and Distance Education to the under privileged sections of students and encouraged democracy to take deeper education to the country. Under Human Rights Protection Act, 1993, autonomous bodies like the Board have been given special protection. For further details please see AIR 1993 SC 217B.



Maharashtra Board of Higher Secondary Education is an autonomous Board ruining successfully which is run by Mahatma Jyotiba Phule bahuddeshiya Society Regd. By Govt of (M.S) India, Incorporated under the Legislation of the Government of India Act XXI 1860 as per Rule to educate those who are not educated in conventional manner pioneer Board of all Deeps in the Country.



The aims and objectives of the Board/Council is to provide basic education for primary, high school, intermediate which includes10th & 12th Class courses. The mission of the Board is to achieve all round development and growth for the masses through education.

  1. Maharashtra Board of Higher Secondary Education is an autonomous independent and Non–Governmental Board for the conduct of Secondary and Senior Secondary School Examination, providing an alternative to choose from either Government aided Boards or a Non-Government independent Autonomous Body. The Board/Council aims to provide education to all children, especially to those in rural and remote areas, at least up to the Senior Secondary level. It is further submitted that the Board is a private initiative for the establishment of a Non-Government Board for conducting 10th  and 12th  Common Examination for students studying in schools affiliated and likely to be affiliated by Delhi Board of Senior Secondary Education.

 

  1. The Board/Council trustees/members has the constitutional right under Article 19 (1) (g) to pursue any profession or any occupation and running teaching institutes have been included as part of occupation as held by Honorable Supreme Court in T.M.A. Pai Foundation Vs. State of Karnataka (SC) 2003 (2) SC 385. The relevant portion of the above said judgment is reproduced as under:-

Private education is one of the most dynamic and fastest growing segments of post-secondary education at the turn of the twenty –first century. A combination of unprecedented demand for access to higher education and the in ability or unwillingness of government to provide the necessary support has brought private higher education to the forefront. Private institutions with a long history in many countries, are expanding in scope and number, and are becoming increasingly important in parts of the world that relied almost entirely on the public sector.

  1. Not only has demand overwhelmed the ability of the governments to provide education, there has also been a significant change in the way that higher education is perceived. The idea of an academic degree as a “private good” that benefits the individual rather than a “public good” for society is now widely (sic). The logic of today’s economics and an ideology of privatization have contributed to the resurgence of private higher education, and the establishing of private institutions where none or very few existed before.

  1. The right to establish and administer broadly comprises of the following rights:-

  1. to admit students;

  2. to set up a reasonable fee structure;

  3. to constitute a governing body;

  4. to appoint staff (teaching and non-teaching); and

  5. to take action if there is dereliction of duty on the part of any employees.

  1. A University Education Commission was appointed on 4th November, 1948, having Dr. S. Radhakrishnan as its Chairman and nine other renowned educationists as its Members. The terms of reference, inter alia, included matters relating to means and objects of university education and research in India and maintenance of higher standards of teaching and examination in universities and colleges under their control. In the report submitted by this commission, in part as 29 and 31, it referred to autonomy in education which reads as follows:-

University Autonomy- Freedom of individual development is the basis of democracy. Exclusive control of education by the State has been an important factor in facilitating the maintenance of totalitarian tyrannies. In such States institutions of higher learning controlled and managed by governmental agencies act like mercenaries, promote the political purposes of the State, make them acceptable to an increasing number of their populations and supply them with the weapons they need. We must resist, in the interests of our own democracy, the trend towards the governmental domination of the educational process.

Higher education is, undoubtedly, an obligation of the State but State aid is not to be confused with State control over academic policies and practices. Intellectual progress demands the maintenance of the spirit of free inquiry. The pursuit and practice of truth regardless of consequences has been the ambition of universities. Their prayer is that of the dying Goethe: “More light” or that of Ajax in the mist “Light, though I perish in the light”.

The respect in which the universities of Great Britain are held is due to the freedom from governmental interference which they enjoy constitutionally and actually. Our universities should be released from the control of politics.

Liberal Education- All education is expected to be liberal. It should free us from the shackles of ignorance, prejudice and unfounded belief. If we are incapable of achieving the good life, it is due to faults in our inward being, to the darkness in us. The process of education is the slow conquering of this darkness. To lead us from darkness to light, to free us from every kind of domination except that of reason, is the aim of education”

  1. There cannot be a better exposition than what has been observed by these renowned educationists with regard to autonomy in education. The aforesaid passage clearly shows that the governmental domination of the educational process must be resisted. Another pithy observation of the Commission was that state aid was not to be confused with state control over academic policies and practices. The observations referred to hereinabove clearly contemplate educational institutions soaring to great heights in pursuit of intellectual excellence and being free from unnecessary government controls.”         

 

  1. The only reasonable restriction on the exercise of this right can be imposed under Article 19 (1) (g) and is imposed in clause 19 (6). The only restriction is that State can make the law imposing reasonable restriction in the interest of general public or any restriction regarding profession and technical qualification necessary for practicing any profession or occupation, trade or business. Since so far no such professional or technical qualification have been notified, therefore, the trustees/members of the Board/Council through their Society  have a fundamental right to carry on the profession / occupation of running the Institutes which imparts education.

  1. We want to also clarify that some states an objection has been pointed out to the name of the Board/Council in private sector but later all such objections have been resolved after the Board/Council pointed out that the world “Board” / “Council” is not reserved by any statute that it cannot be used by any other trust. Many Boards/Councils had applied to the Registration Authority and they have approved of the name of “Board” /Council. If there would have been any objection to its name or this name is not permitted by law then the Registrar would not had registered it. 

 

  1. It is also pertinent to mention here that one of the prominent and well known Boards providing Secondary and Senior Secondary Examinations for the students all over the country is the Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (ICSE), which is a registered society. So is the CBSE which stands for Central Board of Secondary Education.

  2. Under HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION ACT, 1993 autonomous bodies have been given special protection & consideration.( For further details refer: AIR 1993 SC-2178.

The Board is established for development of education under the guidelines of national education policy 1986 and programme of action 1992 Govt. of India respectively.

It has been constituted to regulate non formal Primary, Middle, Matriculation (10th), Senior Secondary (12th) education and other vocational courses (Under Self Employment Education Scheme) in India. With the help of educational experts to educate uneducated boys, girls, men and women for up lift meant of the literacy in India. So that they can serve society effectively and with dignity. Board may impart education with international techniques and with stress on moral, mental, physical and social personality.

Like all educational boards/Universities ours is also an autonomous body. Each educational organization acts on its own discretionary powers. According to these powers every board / university / State Governments / Central Government of India has the liberty and right to take its own decision either to allow or refuse any admission / service. But we do our best to make success the non-formal education programme. All the education programme run by the board which is own autonomous education programme. Legality, Validity, Utility of the education programme is strict conformity with the constitution of India and law of the land under Article 19(1)G, 29 & 30.

Recognition of Degree/Diploma by Govt. of India
NOTIFICATION NO. P 26/4/52 C.C.
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
        Ministry of Home Affairs
        New Delhi

Dated: 20th September, 1952

Subject: Recognition of the Examination

According to Ministry of the Home Affairs Government of India. Notification No. 26/4/52 C.C. Dated 20/09/52 issued in consultation with the Union Public Service Commission, that in case of Degree/Diploma awarded by Board &University in India which are in corporate by one Act of Central or part B & State Legislature in India. No formal orders. Recognized automatically for the purpose of employment.

Sd/-

Harish Chandra
Under Secretary Government of India





The Board is established for development of education under the guidelines of national education policy 1986 and programme of action 1992 Govt. of India respectively.

It has been constituted to regulate non formal Primary, Middle, Matriculation (10th), Senior Secondary (12th) education and other vocational courses (Under Self Employment Education Scheme) in India. With the help of educational experts to educate uneducated boys, girls, men and women for up lift meant of the literacy in India. So that they can serve society effectively and with dignity. Board may impart education with international techniques and with stress on moral, mental, physical and social personality.

Like all educational boards/Universities ours is also an autonomous body. Each educational organization acts on its own discretionary powers. According to these powers every board / university / State Governments / Central Government of India has the liberty and right to take its own decision either to allow or refuse any admission / service. But we do our best to make success the non-formal education programme. The entire education programme run by the board which is own autonomous education programme. Legality, Validity, Utility of the education programme is strict conformity with the constitution of India and law of the land under Article 19(1) G, 29 & 30.

RECOGNITIOM OF THE EXAMINATION OF MAHARASHTRA BOARD OF HIGHER SECONDARY EDUCATION

According to Ministry of the Home Affairs Government of India. Notification No. 26/4/52 C.C. Dated 20/09/52 issued in consultation with the Union Public Service Commission, that in case of Degree/Diploma awarded by Board &University in India which are in corporate by one Act (Under the Legislation of the Government of India Act XXI 1860 )of Central or part B & State Legislature in India. No formal orders. Recognized automatically for the purpose of employment.

Sd/-

Harish Chandra
Under Secretary Government of India



ORIGIN OF DISTANCE EDUCATION:

Honorable Harold Wilson was born in Huddlers field in 1916. He was educated at Oxford University where he influenced tutor, G.D.H Cole. He became a Lecturer in economics at Oxford. Honorable Wilson, Member of the Labor Party was selected as the parliament candidate for or smirks and in1945 was elected to the House of Commons. Honorable Wilson was only 29, when he was appointed as parliamentary secretary of the Ministry of Fuel &Power. During the 1964 general election campaign, Wilson promised to modernize Britain. Making full use of his academic background, Honorable Wilson was able to obtain a five seat majority is House of Commons. After the 1966 general election, this majority was increased to 97.

He was twice elected as the Prime Minister of Britain. Honorable Harold Wilson was the founder of the Open University. Education held special significance for a socialist of Wilson’s generation; in view of its role in both opening up opportunities for students from working class backgrounds and enable the UK to seize the potential benefits of scientific advances. Honorable Harold Wilson’s major aim for the concept of an Open University was to give adults, who missed out on tertiary education, a second chance through part time study and distance learning. In 1966, Wilson was the first chancellor of the newly created University of Bradford, a position, he held until 1985. In Sept. 1967 a cabinet planning committee was set up to work out a comprehensive plan for an Open University. Prospectuses of Open University were published in 1969 (before the courses were prepared) and it was clear that there was enough interest for the Open University to succeed. The first Open University students began to study in 1971.

By the end of the 1970's, the Open University was firmly established as a respected educational institution with 70,000 students, and 6,000

Graduate in g each year. Since then, the Open University has been at forefront of the education – application of new technology from video, through the advent of personal computers to internet. Today, the Open University supports the largest online academic community in the world, where some 4, 00, 00 users and students are engaged in more than 96,000 electronic conferences. The Open University is widely regarded as higher education to all, regardless of background or previous educational qualification.

The concept of Distance education originated from Berlin (Germany) in1856. Afterwards, Russia granted recognition to Distance Education in the world. In this manner, the idea of Open University was conceived by the British Prime Minister Mr. Harold Wilson, in the year 1863 to provide an opportunity to persons who were otherwise denied opportunities to further their education and make their life successful. In 1996, under the Royal Charter an open university was established. The success of which was more far reaching than the traditional stress on open universities. Under the New Education Policy 1986, the Government of India laid particular stress on Open Universities and Distance Education.

OPEN EDUCATION SYSTEM:

The concept of distance education is good alternative to the heavily strained formal education system. The pressure in the field of higher education is ever increasing as more students apply for different courses every year. The number of students entering university has been rising at an average rate of 7per cent a year. At present, more than 30 University are offering correspondence courses.

The Open Education gives opportunities to all people who are not in a position to go to college or University to acquire degrees .They are convenient for the disadvantaged groups, living in remote areas and those who are employed. They enable students to pursue their education at their convenience without relying on rigid daily schedules and the constraints of attendance in class rooms. On 5th August 1985, the Union minister of Education said in the Rajya Sabha that The Open University would open an important era in educational technology and will be a role model in educational technology and in method of teaching different courses to the poor? The Open Education System gives sufficient flexibility in academic matters. It has a multimedia approach to instruction. The students have to make use the radio, the television, C.D. and computers, in addition to books, the study centre’s, located at places convenient for the students, serve as a storehouse of knowledge. The authorities of the Open Education System take steps to conduct periodic discussions and seminars on difficult and important topics. The Open Education System in our country produces good results in the field of higher education.

CONSITUTIONALITY AND RELIABILITY OF MBHSE.MHMAHARASHTRA:

MBHSE Open and Distance Learning are not in receipt of any grant-in-aid either from the Government or from the UGC, so far. There for NCTE, AICTE, UGC Act is not applicable to MBHSE